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Eucrites

Aouinet Legraa

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-unbr

Country

Year found

2013

Mass

58 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 50.06g

History: An extremely bright fireball was seen by several persons as it moved in an easterly direction over western Algeria in the vicinity of Tindouf at approximately 11 pm on July 17, 2013. No sonic phenomena were documented. Sightings were also made by residents in the Algerian village of Oum el Assel. A search for meteorites was initiated soon after the event, but it was not until April 2014 that a strewnfield was located at 27.120°N, 7.018°W. Subsequently, many fusion-crusted stones were purchased in May 2014 from the finders by Darryl Pitt. Physical characteristics: Fresh stones coated by black fusion crust with numerous anastomozing ridges. Interiors are notable for the bright internal reflections within vitreous plagioclase laths and the unusually abundant, accessory, bronze-colored sulfides. Petrography: (A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS) Two studied stones have a subophitic diabasic texture, and exhibit no evidence of deformation or terrestrial alteration. Composed of prismatic exsolved pigeonite grains and calcic plagioclase laths with accessory silica polymorph, Ti-rich chromite, Ti-poor chromite, troilite and ilmenite, plus rare zircon and Ni-free metal. Geochemistry: Low-Ca pyroxene host (Fs57.1-58.0Wo6.2-6.7, FeO/MnO = 29-30, N = 3), high-Ca pyroxene exsolution lamellae (Fs28.1-29.3Wo42.0-41.6, FeO/MnO = 29-31, N = 3), high-Ca pyroxene host (Fs28.1Wo42.3, FeO/MnO = 31), low-Ca pyroxene exsolution lamella (Fs57.6Wo6.4, FeO/MnO = 31), plagioclase (An93.2-94.5Or0.7-0.5, N = 4). Magnetic susceptibility, log χ (× 10-9 m3/kg) = 2.95. Classification: Eucrite (diabasic, unbrecciated). Specimens: 43 g including two polished thin sections at UWB; 51.7 kg (including a 35.9 kg mass) with DPitt and the remainder with anonymous collectors.

Camel Donga

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-mmict

Country

Year found

1984

Mass

25 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 106.2g

This is 1 of 273 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-mmict. Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.): Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.): Search for this meteorite in the Museo Nazionale dell'Antartide database (Siena, Italy): Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 64, Meteoritics 21, 309-313 (1986)

Jikharra001

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-melt breccia

Country

Year found

2022

Mass

50 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 138g   (2) 506.7g   (3) 1305g

History: Numerous fragments reportedly totalling to almost one metric ton were recovered in Northeastern Libya. Fifty kg of it were subsequently purchased by the main mass holder from a meteorite dealer in Libya. Physical characteristics: Many brownish fragments some of which with small patches of fusion crust. Petrography: Achondritic melt breccia composed of several cm-sized lithic clasts set in abundant recrystallized shock melt. Lithic clasts consist of calcic plagioclase and aggregates of fine-grained, 30-70 µm sized pigeonite crystals displaying patchy compositional zoning. The melt matrix is composed of recrystallized pigeonite displaying mottled compositional zoning and fine-grained, mostly fibrous feldspar. Minor phases include silica, Ti-chromite, ilmenite, and FeS. No metallic iron has been detected. Geochemistry: patchily zoned pigeonite: Fs50.1±1.5Wo11.6±1.7 (Fs48.1-53.4Wo6.9-13.3, FeO/MnO=27-31, n=12); calcic plagioclase: An90.2±0.7 (An88.9-91.3, n=10)

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-mmict 

Country

Year found

1821

Mass

91 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 5.939g 

This is 1 of 279 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-mmict. Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.): Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.):

Juvinas
Millbillillie

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-mmict

Country

Year found

1960

Mass

330 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 78g

This is 1 of 273 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-mmict. Search for specimens in the Smithsonian Institution collection (U.S.): Search for this meteorite in the Natural History Museum collection (U.K.): Search for this meteorite in the Museo Nazionale dell'Antartide database (Siena, Italy): Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 51, Meteoritics 7, 215-232 (1972)

Zagora 008

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-mmict

Country

Year found

2021

Mass

1332 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 20.892g

History: Found September 2020 by Ahmed Enaji. Purchased May 2021 by Matt Morgan. Physical characteristics: Many identical appearing stones. Tan colored, desert weathered exterior. Saw cuts reveal fragmental breccia of white and gray clasts set in a light gray groundmass. Petrography: (C. Agee and A. Ross, UNM) This meteorite is a monomict breccia with approximately 60% pyroxene and 35% plagioclase. The pyroxene compositions are uniformly consistent with a single cumulate eucrite lithology, indicating monomict eucrite. Pyroxenes are highly equilibrated with distinct high-Ca and low-Ca compositional separation. Minor phases observed were silica, Cr-spinel, ilmenite, and troilite. No metal was detected. Geochemistry: (A. Ross, UNM) Low Ca-pyroxene Fs50.8±1.5Wo3.5±1.7, Fe/Mn=31±1, n=7; high Ca-pyroxene Fs22.5±0.8Wo42.1±0.7, Fe/Mn=30±2, n=5; plagioclase An87±1.7. Classification: Cumulate monomict eucrite Specimens: 22 g including a probe mount on deposit at UNM, Matt Morgan holds the main mass.

NWA1109

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country

Year found

2001

Mass

6 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 4.5g

This is 1 of 395 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-pmict. Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 87, MAPS 38, A189-A248 (2003)

NWA6265

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country

Year found

2010

Mass

400 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 24.28g

This is 1 of 395 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-pmict. Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 100, MAPS 49, E1-E101 (2014)

NWA6309

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country

Year found

2009

Mass

950 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 19.25g

This is 1 of 406 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-pmict. Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 102, MAPS 50, 1662, September 2015

NWA6694

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country

Year found

2011

Mass

5.01 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 11.0g   (2) 10.3g   (3) 3.6g   (4) 115g

(5) 24.3g

This is 1 of 395 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-pmict. Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 99, April 2012, MAPS 47, E1-E52 (2012) [published online only]

NWA7466

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-mmict

Country

Year found

2012

Mass

1216 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 6.5g

History: Purchased from a Moroccan dealer by Gary Fujihara and Adam Bates in July 2012. Petrography: (A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS) Fresh monomict breccia composed of medium-grained basaltic eucrite clasts. Minerals are exsolved pigeonite, calcic plagioclase, silica polymorph, ilmenite, chromite and troilite. Geochemistry: Orthopyroxene Fs61.1-62.3Wo1.7; FeO/MnO = 31), clinopyroxene exsolution lamellae (Fs26.9-27.6Wo43.2-41.8; FeO/MnO = 28-29). Classification: Eucrite (monomict breccia) Specimens: 27.9 g of sample and one polished thin section are on deposit at UWB. The remaining material is held jointly by Gary Fujihara and Adam Bates.

NWA7854

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country

Year found

2013

Mass

2.64 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 68.90 g  (2) 67.05 g  (3) 12.24 g

This is 1 of 408 approved meteorites classified as Eucrite-pmict. Published in Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 102, MAPS 50, 1662, September 2015

NWA8647

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-br

Country

Year found

2010

Mass

326 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 4.54g   (2) 1.20g

History: Numerous individuals up to several cm in size, all partly covered with fusion crust, were bought at a mineral market in Erfoud, Morocco. Petrography: The meteorite is a breccia composed of basaltic lithologies and mineral fragments set into a fine-grained melt-rich matrix. Calcic plagioclase and exsolved pyroxene are dominant minerals; accessories include SiO2 polymorphs, chromite, and troilite. The rock contains abundant recrystallized shock melt. Geochemistry: low-Ca pyroxene, Fs60±0.9Wo2.9±0.7 (Fs58.3-61.3Wo2.2-4.7, n=15, FeO/MnO=30-34); Ca-pyroxene, Fs26.3±1.1Wo43.5±0.4 (Fs23.5-27.2Wo42.9-44, n=15, FeO/MnO=29-35); calcic plagioclase, An90.5±0.7 (An89.5-91.5, n=15)

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-melt breccia

Country

Year found

2014

Mass

2.53 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 3.0g

History: A stone was found in northwest Africa. Moroccan dealer Mohammed Sbai sold the stone to an anonymous collector at the Changsha mineral show in May 2014. Physical characteristics: Single pie-shaped stone has patchy dark-gray irregular surface. Fusion crust is not preserved. Petrography: (C. A. Lorenz, Vernad) The rock is a breccia consisting of coarse-grained gabbro fragments (33 vol%) up to 6 × 3 cm and minor fragments of fine-grained pyroxene-feldspar rocks. The rock fragments are embedded into a fine-grained matrix full of fine mineral and rock fragments. The matrix consists of pyroxene and feldspar needles which form a graphic intergrowth. Geochemistry: (N. N. Kononkova, Vernad, EMP) coarse-grained gabbro-pyroxene Fs57.6Wo4.5 (N=10; Fe/Mn = 30.6) Fs55.0-60.3Wo2.2-7.6; feldspar An91.0Ab8.6 (N=12). Classification: Eucrite melt breccia Specimens: A total of 254.1 g (213.3 g cut piece and 40.8 g slice), one thin section and one thick polished section are on deposit at Vernad. An anonymous collector holds the main mass.

NWA8743
NWA10554

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite

Country

Year found

2010

Mass

286 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 24.902g

History: purchased in 2010 by M. Morgan in Morocco Physical characteristics: Physical: One piece covered by thin black fusion crust with signs of weathering Petrography: (Y. Liu, JPL) Light-gray stone consists of subophitic assembly of fine-grained plagioclase and pyroxene. Large anhedral pyroxene and plagioclase grains are also present, forming locally porphyritic texture. Accessory phases include silica phase, troilite, ilmenite and chromite. Geochemistry: Low-Ca pyroxene (Fs60-59Wo2-4, FeO/MnO=30-34) contains pigeonite lamellae (Fs25-29Wo45-40, FeO/MnO=31-34) or vise versa; Plagioclase (An90.7±1.2, n=20). Classification: Eucrite Specimens: 20.9 g at UCLA. The remainder is held by by MtMorgan.

NWA11742

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-melt breccia

Country

Year found

2016

Mass

650 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 6.87g

History: The meteorite was bought from a local meteorite dealer in Quarzazate, Morocco. Physical characteristics: Brownish individual without fusion crust. Petrography: The meteorite is a melt breccia composed of up to 5 mm sized basaltic clasts set into shock melted matrix. Basaltic clasts consist of exsolved pyroxenes and often lath shaped calcic plagioclase. The shock melt is mostly recrystallized to plagioclase and pyroxene; some regions show pronounced flow textures. Minor phases include silica, chromite, ilmenite and barite. Geochemistry: low-Ca pyroxene: Fs59.9±0.9Wo4.0±1.3 (Fs57.4-61.1Wo2.2-7.6, n=14, FeO/MnO=33-37); Ca-pyroxene: Fs27.8±1.2Wo42.1±1.2 (Fs26.2-30.1Wo39.7-43.8, n=16, FeO/MnO=33-39); calcic plagioclase: An90.6±0.8 (An89.3-91.9, n=16)

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-br

Country

Year found

2019

Mass

7.84 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 5.9g  (2) 7.2g

History: Purchased by Mark Lyon in November 2019 from a Moroccan dealer. Petrography: (A. Irving, UWS and P. Carpenter, WUSL) Breccia composed of texturally diverse eucrite clasts (up to 2.8 cm across) exhibiting gabbroic, diabasic, granulitic and partially recrystallized textures set within a fragmental matrix of related crystalline debris. Major minerals are low-Ca pyroxene, augite and calcic plagioclase, together with accessory silica polymorph, Ti-Al-bearing chromite, ilmenite, troilite and Ni-free iron metal. In coarser grained gabbroic and diabasic clasts low-Ca and high-Ca pyroxenes are in exsolution relationship and represent former pigeonite, but in granulitic and recrystallized clasts both pyroxenes are present as discrete grains. In partially recrystallized clasts pyroxene is finely polygranular but plagioclase is not. Geochemistry: Low-Ca pyroxene (Fs56.8-58.3Wo4.8-7.0, FeO/MnO = 29-31, N = 5), augite (Fs28.9-30.2Wo40.1-41.0, FeO/MnO = 31-34, N = 5), plagioclase (An88.4-90.0Or0.8-0.5, N = 5). Classification: Eucrite (genomict breccia). Specimens: 212 g including one large polished thin section at UWB; remainder with Mr. M. Lyon.

NWA13325

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-melt breccia

Country

Year found

2020

Mass

29.4 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 19.1g

History: Two identical stones of 19200 g and 10200 g were purchased in June 2020 by Aziz Habibi from a Mauritanian dealer. The larger stone was subsequently acquired by Marcin Cimala. Petrography: (A. Irving, UWS and P. Carpenter, WUSL) Monomict breccia composed of angular eucrite clasts with intergranular texture in a fairly sparse melt rock matrix (dark gray in thin section) containing entrained crystalline debris. Minerals are exsolved pigeonite, calcic plagioclase, silica polymorph, chromite (some grains compositionally zoned), ilmenite, troilite and Ni-free Fe metal. Some thin dark shock veinlets crosscut clasts, and secondary calcite is present as veins and also infilling cavities in the matrix. Geochemistry: Low-Ca pyroxene host (Fs58.7-60.7Wo2.3-4.4, FeO/MnO = 30-32, N = 4), augite exsolution lamellae (Fs25.7-26.8Wo42.6-43.6, FeO/MnO = 31-32, N = 4), plagioclase (An88.1-90.1Or0.5-0.3, N = 4). Classification: Eucrite (monomict melt-matrix breccia). Specimens: 29 g including one polished thin section at UWB; remaining material held by Mr. M. Cimala (10900 g) and Mr. A. Habibi (10170 g).

NWA14016
NWA14682

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-unbr

Country

Year found

2020

Mass

14 kg

[Museum Collection]

(1) 17.1g

History: Purchased January, 2020, by Mark Lyon from a Northwest African dealer Physical characteristics: Single stone with black fusion crust. Interior shows unbrecciated texture with millimeter-sized dark green pyroxenes and white plagioclase crystals. Cut and broken surfaces shows equigranular, medium grained, basaltic texture. Petrography: (A. Ross, UNM; D. Dickens, NMMS; C. Agee, UNM) Microprobe examination of a polished mount shows approximately equal amounts of pyroxene and plagioclase grains often in poikiloblastic arrangement. Some pyroxenes have exsolution. Ubiquitous silica, ilmenite, and troilite. No metal was observed. Geochemistry: (A. Ross, UNM) Low-Ca pyroxene Fs61.7±0.2Wo1.8±0.2, Fe/Mn=33±1, n=7; high-Ca pyroxene Fs29.5±5.0Wo40.0±5.8, Fe/Mn=32±2, n=5; plagioclase An84.7±4.3, n=7; Classification: Achondrite (equilibrated unbrecciated eucrite). Equilibration and clear compositional separation of low-calcium and high-calcium pyroxenes is consistent with type 6 eucrites. Specimens: 28.6 g including a probe mount on deposit at UNM, Mark Lyon holds the main mass.

NWA15234

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-melt breccia

Country

Year found

2022

Mass

564 g

[Museum Collection]

(1) 13.06g

History: The meteorite was purchased from a meteorite dealer in Morocco. Physical characteristics: Grayish rock without fusion crust. Petrography: Eucrite-melt breccia composed of up to 1.5 cm basaltic clasts and up to 0.3 mm sized mineral fragments in fine-grained and mostly recrystallized shock melted matrix. Main minerals are exsolved pyroxenes and calcic plagioclase. Mineral grains entrained in the melt matrix often show resorption textures. Minor phases include silica, chromite, ilmenite, and FeS. No metallic iron has been detected. Contains secondary calcite veins and barite. Geochemistry: low-Ca pyroxene: Fs60.1±0.8Wo2.3±0.1 (Fs59.4-60.5Wo2.1-2.5, FeO/MnO=29-30, n=7); augite exsolution lamellae: Fs24.9±0.2Wo44.5±0.4 (Fs24.5-25.1Wo44.2-45.4, FeO/MnO=28-32, n=7); calcic plagioclase: An90.2±0.9 (An89.6-91.7, n=7)

NWA15656

Name

*click on the Name for more information

Structure Class

HED achondrites

Chemical Class

Eucrite-pmict

Country